Logical-mathematical intelligence consists of the capacity to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issues scientifically. In Howard Gardner’s words, it entails the ability to detect patterns, reason deductively and think logically. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking.
Linguistic intelligence involves sensitivity to spoken and written language, the ability to learn languages, and the capacity to use language to accomplish certain goals. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively use language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically; and language as a means to remember information. Writers, poets, lawyers and speakers are among those that Howard Gardner sees as having high linguistic intelligence.
He believes that everyone has eight different intelligences that, those being linguistic intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence, musical intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, spatial intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence and naturalist intelligence, with the last one being added later in 1999....
The interviews used in terms of the current study have shown that managers revealed benefits and advantages of emotional intelligence in their work with clients. At the same time, they proved the idea which has been already stated in other researchers concerning the two-fold nature of emotional intelligence. However, it is worth mentioning the fact that interviews conducted in terms of the current study have had certain drawbacks among which it is possible to single out subjectivity of judgments of managers concerning emotional intelligence and its effects. Nevertheless, interviews have contributed to the understanding and qualitative analysis of effects of emotional intelligence on the resolution of clashes between consultants and clients. Moreover, it is possible to estimate that emotional intelligence have the positive impact on consultant-client relationships and it can be used as an effective tool to resolve clashes between consultants and clients.
According to the website Multiple Intelligence (MI)-Howard Gardner (2014), Howard Gardner is the man who came up with the idea of multiple intelligences and he describes intelligence as “the ability to create an effective product or offer service that is valued in a culture,” while the traditional definition as from Merriam-Webster dictionary (2014) defines inte...
This is due to the highly debatable topic surrounding the concept of whether there is only one single type of intelligence or if there are multiple intelligences.
The case for inclusion of naturalist intelligence appears pretty straightforward, the position with regard to spiritual intelligence is far more complex. According to Howard Gardner (1999: 59) there are problems, for example, around the ‘content’ of spiritual intelligence, its privileged but unsubstantiated claims with regard to truth value, ‘and the need for it to be partially identified through its effect on other people’. As a result:
It seems more responsible to carve out that area of spirituality closest ‘in spirit’ to the other intelligences and then, in the sympathetic manner applied to naturalist intelligence, ascertain how this candidate intelligence fares. In doing so, I think it best to put aside the term , with its manifest and problematic connotations, and to speak instead of an intelligence that explores the nature of existence in its multifarious guises. Thus, an explicit concern with spiritual or religious matters would be one variety – often the most important variety – of an existential intelligence.
- As one of the preeminent educational theorists of the 20th century, Howard Gardner challenged the traditional notion of what comprised intelligence.
Naturalist intelligence enables human beings to recognize, categorize and draw upon certain features of the environment. It ‘combines a description of the core ability with a characterization of the role that many cultures value’ (: 48).
The thought that intelligence comes from one common factor, otherwise known as the g-factor, is supported by a variety of psychologists including Spearman and Galton....
Since Howard Gardner’s original listing of the intelligences in (1983) there has been a great deal of discussion as to other possible candidates for inclusion (or candidates for exclusion). Subsequent research and reflection by Howard Gardner and his colleagues has looked to three particular possibilities: a naturalist intelligence, a spiritual intelligence and an existential intelligence. He has concluded that the first of these ‘merits addition to the list of the original seven intelligences’ (Gardner 1999: 52).
As I construe it, the central component in the moral realm or domain is a sense of personal agency and personal stake, a realization that one has an irreducible role with respect to other people and that one’s behaviour towards others must reflect the results of contextualized analysis and the exercise of one’s will…. The fulfilment of key roles certainly requires a range of human intelligences – including personal, linguistic, logical and perhaps existential – but it is fundamentally a statement about the kind of person that has developed to be. It is not, in itself, an intelligence. ‘Morality’ is then properly a statement about personality, individuality, will, character – and, in the happiest cases, about the highest realization of human nature. (.: 77)