At this time, the three largest concentrations of Jews in Eastern Poland were at the camp at Majdanek and at the labor camp at Poniatowa, a tiny Polish village where 18,000 people were held, and at the Polish village of Trawniki where 10,000 Jews were imprisoned in a labor camp.
Metropolitan Andrei Szeptycki, a bishop with the Greek Catholic Church in Nazi-occupied Lemberg (Lwow), Poland, issued orders for the clergy in his jurisdiction to shelter Jewish children. Ignoring risks to his position and his life (in Poland there was an automatic death penalty for aiding Jews), Szeptycki spoke out against Hitler, and threatened "with Divine punishment" anyone who "shed innocent blood. Szeptycki led by example: He hid 21 Jews in his own cathedral, and 183 more in convents and monasteries. (Szeptycki was waging his own battle against the Nazis: Hitler resolved to exterminate Polish culture and identity, and his first step was the elimination of the intelligentsia, including the clergy. Many priests were killed or placed in concentration camps, where an estimated 3,000 Polish clergy died.) Szeptycki was later honored by Yad Vashem as a Righteous Among the Nations.
1 Elul 5749 - September 1, 1989:
When people think about Poland the main places that come to mind are and Krakow, nowhere else really gets considered by us non Polish. Now don’t get me wrong, I’d like to visit them both but for my first trip to Poland I wanted to see more of the country. After a couple of days in Warsaw, I couldn’t miss it out completely!, I made my way to Lublin.
Lublin is the largest city in south-eastern Poland but it’s not one that receives a huge amount of tourists. While you may not need too many days to enjoy Lublin it should definitely be a place you should consider visiting especially if you’ll be in nearby Warsaw. It’s a beautiful place that’s rich in history.
There is only about 350 cities in the world which have trolleybuses on their streets. Lublin is one of four of them in Poland. During the summer Sundays you can sightseeing the city by antique trolleybus calles “ZIU-tek”.
From outside Poland many thousands of Jews were transported to and killed in Treblinka: 7.000 from Slovakia, 8,000 from Theresienstadt concentration camp, 4,000 Jews from Greece, and 7,000 Jews from the Macedonia portion of Bulgaria.
Civil vital registration in what became Russian Poland(the Kingdom of Poland, also known as Congress Poland) beganin 1808 in the Duchy of Warsaw, and the records were keptin “Napoleonic format”, a paragraph-essay style. For 1808-1825, Jewish registrations (and those of otherreligious denominations) were recorded in the Roman Catholiccivil transcripts. Beginning in 1826, separate registerswere kept for each religious community (Catholic, Jewish,Protestant, Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, etc.) Records were recorded in the Polish language from 1808 until1868, and were kept thereafter in the Russian language,until 1918, when Poland regained its independence.
The best thing about Lublin is that everything you want to see there is in walking distance so you can have a nice walk around and really appreciate the town. If you do find yourself needing a taxi the prices are very reasonable!
Lublin Castle (Zamek Lubelski) just north of the Old Town is one not to miss when visiting Lublin. Dating from the 12th Century, the castle is one of the oldest preserved Royal residencies in Poland. It was where the Polish monarchy would stay when visiting Lublin in the medieval time, then during WWI it was used as a detention centre and witnessed the deaths of hundred of prisoners. Now the castle is part of the Lublin Provincial Museum and includes the Polish National Gallery and the Chapel of the Holy Trinity.
To see what records have been microfilmed and are availablefor your town, look in the (FHLC). The FHLC is available on CD-ROM at all 4,600LDS Family History Centers, and also online at.(Note that the FHLC uses Poland's).A list of all Polish-Jewish vital records microfilmed asof 1985 was published in II:1 (January 1986),pp. 5-17; and was reprinted (but not updated) in Appendix Lof (1991), pages202-215. However, this list is now out of date, sincehundreds of new microfilms have been acquired since 1985. You should consult the FHLC for the most up-to-date listings.Here is a table of,to supplement the above-mentioned published list.Mormon microfilming at the Polish State Archives stoppedin 1992. There is no additional microfilming planned at thePolish State Archives. The Mormons are currently continuingto microfilm at church diocese archives in Poland, but these donot contain Jewish records.Since most records before 1860/1880 are on microfilm andthus accessible to you locally, you need to write to thePolish State Archives only for those records not yet filmed,usually 1870s thru circa 1910.Civil vital registration in what became Russian Poland(the Kingdom of Poland, also known as Congress Poland) beganin 1808 in the Duchy of Warsaw, and the records were keptin “Napoleonic format”, a paragraph-essay style. For 1808-1825, Jewish registrations (and those of otherreligious denominations) were recorded in the Roman Catholiccivil transcripts. Beginning in 1826, separate registerswere kept for each religious community (Catholic, Jewish,Protestant, Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, etc.) Records were recorded in the Polish language from 1808 until1868, and were kept thereafter in the Russian language,until 1918, when Poland regained its independence.
The Underground Trail is a complex of 16th and 17th Century cellars that run beneath the Old Town. The route was created by merging the cellars which were once used by traders as storage. During the tour you are guided into different chambers showing the history of Lublin. While the tour is in Polish they do offer scripts in different languages that you can follow throughout the tour.
Lublin looks to have a very unique castle. I have not seen a castle like that in Europe before. I love the colors on the buildings! Lovely tips for getting there and finding things to do.