there are already urban myths about people having their deathshastened so as to make their organs available; few people understandbrain-death; donation would fall if families publicly claimed thattheir views were overridden and their relatives were not dead; thusending the family veto would reduce the supply of organs, not increaseit.
As it happens, it appears that families rarely override thedonors’ known wishes. Furthermore, it seems unlikely that manypeople would want to donate no matter how upset their families were,so allowing families to veto retrieval is unlikely to be against theall-things-considered wishes of many of the deceased.
Buddhists believe organ and tissue donation is a matter that should be left to an individual’s conscience. Reverend Gyomay Masao Kubose, president and founder of The Buddhist Temple of Chicago said, “We honor those people who donate their bodies and organs to the advancement of medical science and to saving lives.” The importance of letting loved ones know your wishes is stressed.
Organ and tissue donation is considered an act of charity and love, and transplants are morally and ethically acceptable to the Vatican. Related Link:
Harris frames a situation where transplant procedures take place without failure; two patients are going to die if they do not receive an organ transplant.
However, unlike many other technologies or procedures which can be built, manufactured, or learned, organ transplantation requires one thing that we can’t create yet: an organ itself.
Because our increased life span causes more people to require a replacement organ when theirs starts to fail, the demand has far outrun the supply and the future only looks to get worse....
His parents, in complete and utter shock, arrive at the hospital, and are immediately approached by a slew of doctors bombarding them about donating his organs....
Conscription may be politically infeasible or be subject to practicalobjections. But what of principled ethical objections? One could pointto the distress that families would suffer (Brazier 2002), but what ofthe distress of the families of people who die for want of an organ?One could point to the interests of the deceased, but the argumentsabove need not deny that the deceased have interests; they claim thatthose interests are outweighed. One could claim that the deceased haverights that protect their interests and deny that potential recipientshave rights to organs. Even if the deceased have rights and potentialrecipients do not, it would have to be shown that the rights of thedeceased are not outweighed by the needs of those with organfailure.
But when it comes down to the issue of free trade of human organs, the majority of American citizens will consider it a controversial and ethical issue....
The author of this easy will define what organ donation is, however the aims of the essay is to compare and contrast the two systems of organ donation, the opt- in and opt- out systems.
The website for Donate Life America estimates that in the United States over 100 people per day are added to the current list of over 100,000 men, women, and children that are waiting for life-saving transplants.
Is it right to use the bodies of the deceased without either theirconsent or knowing that they had wanted the use? The question is animportant and difficult one. It is very important to note, however,that this question is raised by virtually all existing organprocurement systems To restate: all systems allow organs to betaken without the deceased’s consent. It follows that thesimple inertia argument for shifting defaults is flawed. There is nodefault of non-retrieval in the absence of the deceased’sconsent. Other arguments for variations of opting out turn on theempirical question of effects on retrieval. Since many differentfactors affect retrieval rates, it is often hard to be confident aboutthe difference that changes to consent would make.
Sadly enough, approximately 18 people a day on that list die just because they cannot outlive the wait for the organ that they so desperately need to survive.