In response to the tragic conflicts brewing in Angola, Sierra Leone and Liberia all as a direct result of conflict diamonds the UN Security Council, under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, has imposed sanctions on the rebel groups UNITA of Angola, RUF of Sierra Leone, and more recently against groups in Liberia, which includes a ban on illegal diamonds.
offshore schools (applicants from non-English countries are still required to meet listening and speaking requirements) AAmerican SamoaAnguillaAntigua & BarbudaAustralia BBahamasBarbadosBelizeBermudaBotswanaBritish Virgin Islands CCanadaCayman Islands DDominica EN/A FFalkland IslandsFiji GGambiaGhanaGibraltarGrenadaGuamGuyana HN/A IIreland JJamaica KKenya LLesothoLiberia MMaltaMauritiusMontserrat NNew ZealandNigeria O - RN/A SSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSouth AfricaSt.
The history of Sierra Leone has always been rocky and full of conflicts, from the British taking over and colonizing the area to the many years of civil unrest and war, living here has been rough for the citizens. If we have learned anything from the experience the people of Sierra Leone endured, its to not let greed and the thought of power control one’s actions, disregarding any care for others that may be affected in the process of obtaining that goal of supremacy. Always keep in mind what has happened in the past and use that knowledge to prevent it from happening again. Thus continuing to travel on a path to a more peaceful world.
Sierra Leone’s government had many problems. One is because the country is so divided ethnically, there was never a complete support of the government from the citizens of the country. Another is that there was no contingency to build any form of defense mechanism such as an army to defend the country should the need arise. Finally the government began as a coalition without institutionalism. Many of the appointed positions were using their power for personal gain instead of looking out for the good of the country. Thus making the president take away the power and creating controversy claiming that different areas of the country had more influence than others. This created a spiraling downfall to only semi-stable government of Sierra Leone. (Bangura, 567-568).
Great revision! I am pleased to see that you redid your research questions, and I hope that they help you as you find a monograph (book) that can give you the historical information on British and French Imperialism in the West Coast of Africa. Please do not forget to add that information, it will be crucial for you analysis. Good article on Charles Taylor (scumbag), make sure to look at his links to the decolonization of Sierra Leone, although your article link does not work, it just takes me to the lexusnexus homepage. You need to generate a stable URL while you are viewing the article. Contact me if you need help with this.
The war in Sierra Loene was speculated to have been caused by many different factors contributing to the eruption of violence towards the government. Yusuf Bangura believes that the ethnic structure of the country highly contributes to the tension and bipolarity that occurs within the borders. Elections (primarily the 1967 and 1996 elections) in Sierra Leone provide a great reason for losing parties to oppose the current ruling administration and attempt to overthrow the officials. This tension gave the RUF the perfect means to recruit supporters to overthrow the government. (Bangura, 566-567).
Another major player in Sierra Leone’s war effort Was the former Liberian President Charles Taylor. Taylor’s war crimes were reported in this . Taylor was “charged with 11 counts of murder, rape, conscripting child soldiers and sexual slavery…” (Dejong) The article then explains how the army treated many of the civilians they came in contact with. Rape, enslavement, beheadings, disembowelment, amputations, and many other mutilations carried out by child soldiers high on drugs. It was also reiterated how Taylor was paid in blood diamonds for providing guns and ammunition for the conflict. The message Taylor’s conviction for his crimes sends is a very powerful message to other powerful leaders, that even those high in power can still be held accountable for their actions.
One of the worst conflictsin history funded by diamonds was that of the Civil War in Sierra Leone. A rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) took up arms and staged a war to overthrow the government. The primary funding of the war effort came from controlling the local diamond mines. “Over the course of the next 11 years, the RUF, under the leadership of Foday Sankoh, was able to snatch up 90% of Sierra Leone’s diamond industry, which it used to generate funds to illegally smuggle in arms and fuel the war effort,” (Briggs). This hostile takeover cost over 50,000 people their lives and over one million being displaced from their homes, and a vast majority being brutally mutilated by the cruelty of the RUF, (Shah). It is estimated that 4% of rough diamonds in the world’s supply are conflict diamonds (Mcnamara). These stones are mined by force and violence and used to fund rebellions and Civil Wars in Africa.
After eighteen years of governing Sierra Leone, Siaka Stevens decided to call it quits. Andrew Jaspan, a columnist for The Times in London discussed the problems Sierra Leone will have to overcome, after Stevens left his office and country in a precarious situation, in this . The country is suffering from devaluation of its main sources of income, while the price of petrol and rice are rising quickly. Add this to the large amount of debt the country is in, as well as the necessity for the new President to be supported by a great majority of the people, and you are given a recipe for disaster. The people of Sierra Leone had a great deal of difficulty ahead of them.
Yes, that citation is right. Good job getting to some of the roots of the systems of inequality in Sierra Leone, now you will need (in future revisions) to expand on that history, especially on the latter part of “Indirect Rule”, allocation of land, and the Hut Tax War, and how this leads to the modern-day conflict, blood diamonds, and the RUF. Your summary is well put together and your title is good, but your questions seem somewhat vague and generic. Think about refining them to examine some of the particulars of Sierra Leone history–was the system of Indirect Rule common for Britain to impose? What hand did Britain have in creating the post-colonial Sierra Leone government that is currently in turmoil? Keep up the good work.
When Siaka Stevens became prime minister, seven years after independence in 1968, he recognized the lucrative nature of diamond mining and began encouraging illicit mining operations, involving himself and others in these criminal activities. “In 1971, Stevens created the National Diamond Mining Company, which effectively nationalized SLST(Sierra Leone Selection Trust). All important decisions were now made by the prime minister and his right-hand man, a Lebanese businessman named Jamil Mohammed. From a high of over two million carats in 1970, legitimate diamond exports dropped to 595,000 carats in 1980 and then to only 48,000 in 1988,” (Smillie, 25).