Notice how this Epsilon is compared to an animal (simian = ape-like); as the novel progresses, all the citizens of the World State—regardless of caste—are rendered similarly bestial. It takes more than intelligence, Brave New World seems to argue, to make a human a human.
Brave New World Essay | Literary Analysis of Brave New World On any utilitarian analysis, not the obiter dicta of a literary essay Aldous Huxley talks about Brave New World (video)Brave New World sold more than fifteen thousand copies in its first year and has been in print ever since It has joined the ranks of utopian/dystopian satires such as Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels (1726) and George Orwell's Animal Farm (1945). Brave New World is an excellent book and, what's more, one that seems to be becoming more relevant all the time in our fast paced world And unlike many other …Brave New World (1932) This question needs a book, not the obiter dicta of a literary essay But if one can enjoy champagne, In BNW, romantic love is strongly discouraged as well Brave new worlders are conditioned to be sexually promiscuous.
Brave New World explores the classic conflict between the individual and society. Remember when your kindergarten teacher taught you about how everyone is unique? Well, forget that lesson today, because in this story, personal identity has been sacrificed for the sake of a common good, and the results are not very pretty. A form of biological reproduction produces certain types of humans in batches of 96 identical copies. A social "caste" structure separates the citizens into five groups, the result being that any given individual is little more than a faceless, color-coded member of a larger group. Certain characters in the novel grow uncomfortable with this idea, are downright disgusted by it, or for one reason or another find that they just don't fit the mold. They seek to understand their individuality through isolation, self-exploration, and of course, self-flagellation.
Brave New World begins in an uncomfortably sterile and controlled futuristic society, commonly referred to as “the World State.” We join the story as a group of young students are receiving a factory tour of the “London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre” from the center’s director, whose name is… The Director. It's all a little creepy.
All right, what is it with Lenina? First Foster, then Bernard, then John: everyone is obsessed with this woman, and honestly, it's a little hard to see why. She's not really unique, or interesting, or challenging, or even particularly intelligent. As best we can tell, she's just "uncommonly pretty."
Huxley's explanation is that Lenina is "pneumatic." We should take a closer look at this word, because Huxley uses it multiple times in his novel. The official definition is basically "full of air," but this description can be metaphorical. It seems to mean that she's busty, curvy, and all-around sexy. But if that's the case, why does Huxley use this completely odd word? We're thinking it's meant to have a double meaning. Lenina's body may be all cushiony, but she's pneumatic mentally, too; as in, the girl is full of air. She's vapid (i.e., lifeless and dull). In this way, "pneumatic" ends up being a for everything about the new world. The chairs are pneumatic, some guy's shoes are pneumaticeverything is empty, everything is without meaning, everything is full of air. That this term is so frequently used in association with Lenina is just another reminder that, really, she's the epitome of the World State female (or even citizen).
But in the novel, the main characters aren't left in a stagnant stage of normalcy. They're continually challenged by strange and unusual circumstances. Bernard, always unpopular, suddenly gets famous. John, used to the Savage Reservation, is thrown into "civilized" London. Helmholtz, accustomed only to hypnopaedia, is introduced to Shakespeare. The pattern is no different for Lenina. Used to emotionless sex and Lenina is finally denied her sexual impulses. Used to men wanting nothing more than to go to bed with her, she has to deal with a guy who doesn't want to have sex at all.
Expectedly, this causes Lenina a good amount of distress. And it raises an important question: does Lenina really love John, or is this simply a case of wanting what you can't have? Hm. Well, look at the way Lenina talks about him. Is she struck by the capacity of his mind? Not exactly. Does she wonder at his individuality? Not really. Is she in awe of his morality? Mmm… no, not so much. It's more about his body. Actually, it's all about his body. When she first meets him, her thoughts are as follows: "…such a nice-looking boy, […] and a really beautiful body."
This sort of preoccupation with the material and the physical prevents Lenina from seeing many of the important issues at stake throughout much of the novel. When Bernard expresses a wish that they hadn't slept together so soon, Lenina thinks it means she is too plump. She's too focused on her body to realize that Bernard is expressing a genuine care for her. At the Savage Reservation, she is too distracted by smell to appreciate the cultural differences of this very different world. Because she's focused on John physically, she misses out on the fact that he's probably the most interesting man she's ever met. She can only think of sex and can't understand emotion.
For better or worse, this seems to be a common trait of females in Brave New World. Many scholars berate this novel, or even Huxley as a writer, for being misogynistic (anti-female). We don't meet any women who are definitely Alphas. Lenina seems to be a Beta, although we don't know for sure. Another example is that while we might think Miss Keate is an Alpha, we're never told. Miss Keate's sole function in the text is to show us Bernard's new sexual prowess. Critics have said that the only characters with integrity, a functioning conscience, principles, or a mind in Brave New World are men.
And yet, Lenina does have a potentially redeeming momentat the end of Brave New World, you know, right before and our protagonist ends up dead. It's a really interesting paragraph:
When i was starting to think about reviewing this book, i was happy to find that my edition (harper) had some fun peripheral information-- bio, discussion questions, history of publication-- and the. Against this backdrop, a young man known as john the savage is brought to london from the remote desert of new mexico. However, ultimately, john challenges the basic premise of this society in an act that threatens and fascinates its citizens. Just loved the world it portrayed at the time given my wild days at that time.
The past few months have been very hard on me. I have just been trying to hold on. I don't know if I can. I have seen some things that I should have never seen. I have been through a lot in such a short time. I have gotten a life time of stories in just a few years. It all started when I took that photograph class back in High school. They said I had a natural gift and they hadn't seen anything like it before. Either they were lying or it was just that I was one of the first people to experience the new technological advances that were made in the world of cameras. After that I started to really pursue photography as a career. I spent a lot of time and money on my passion. And this passion got me places. I graduated college and got a job working for Life magazine. I'm not going to lye, I was the best they had. They sent me to places near and far. I saw the world for free. It was great. Until I started to get jobs I didn't like.
When it was declared that Ho Chi Minh, who is very photogenic, was communist and therefore our enemy the US decided that they had to stop him. Stop him from doing what, I don't know, but I do know that I didn't like it at all. When Vietnam was split into two countries, North and South Vietnam, by the Geneva Conference it didn't seem like a huge deal. When President Eisenhower sent over support it didn't seem too bad. I mean he sent in 675 advisors to help out. They were there to show South Vietnam what to do. When that little boy, Kennedy, took office is when the problems started. He just kept sending troops into a war and a country that we had no reason to be in. He sent 16,000 Americans to Vietnam. And if that wasn't bad enough the leader of the country we were helping wasn't even trying. The president of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem, wasn't helping the situation. He was such a bad leader that he didn't even get the support of his people. He sent people to jail f!
So it’s on these rocky, somewhat uncomfortable terms that Bernard and Lenina plan a vacation together to a Savage Reservation in New Mexico. What’s a Savage Reservation, you ask? Basically, a part of the world that hasn’t been brought up to speed with the whole technology/mind control/dystopia thing. Before he goes, Bernard has to get a permission slip from the Director—his boss, whom we met in the very beginning of the novel.
Linda, still high on soma, dies shortly after John arrives at the hospital. He is grief-stricken, but in this new world, everyone has been conditioned to think of death as no big deal. So no one understands his emotion. Angered by this and by the circumstances of his mother’s death, and by the fact that Lenina just tried to take his virginity, John freaks out. He finds a group of Deltas waiting to receive their daily soma ration and spiritedly chucks the dozens of boxes of drugs out of the window, trying to explain to these drones that they can only be free without it.