Perhaps it was my new awareness of Hiroshima, of the atomic bomb and what it did to the people living in both Hiroshima and Nagasaki that also drove me to the online debate forums, a gruesome terrifying place second only to 4chan. There I came upon the following question: I didn’t expect a 100% outcry against the bomb, but nevertheless I was shocked to see that the debate was practically 50:50 with the ‘No’ side losing by 1%.
Cousins writes of his conversations with MacArthur, "MacArthur's views about the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were starkly different from what the general public supposed." He continues, "When I asked General MacArthur about the decision to drop the bomb, I was surprised to learn he had not even been consulted.
On April 27, 1945, as Germany was about to surrender, ending the war in Europe, U.S. military brass and nuclear scientists met in Washington for the first time to discuss the atomic bombing of Japan. Though the weapon was still under development, the meeting’s purpose was to discuss how, when and especially where it should first be dropped.
I spent my first morning in the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum amidst pictures and collected remnants of the atomic bomb and its affects. I learned that for many, it was better to have been one of the 60,000 – 80,000 who died in the instant ‘Little Boy’ detonated over Hiroshima. Those who did survive suffered immensely.
It was not until the 1960s that many primary sources about the atomic bomb decision, in the form of declassified U.S. government cables, began to become available. Today, many are stored on the National Security Archive website, offering researchers, professional and amateur, a trove of official documentation about the decision.
Strategic Bombing Survey)In 1950 Nitze would recommend a massive military buildup, and in the 1980s he was an arms control negotiator in the Reagan administration.
Nationalists put forward the idea that the atomic bombs “evened out” Nazi-allied Japan’s wartime atrocities, he said. The war in the Pacific killed millions across Asia, including perhaps 14 million Chinese, and Japan was responsible for chemical weapons attacks, widespread torture, forced labor and sexual slavery. American deaths topped 100,000; a quarter-million were wounded.
Nevertheless, Ian Buruma, a professor at Bard College and author of “Year Zero: A History of 1945,” said visiting Hiroshima is risky because of the lack of consensus in the U.S. or Japan about the bombings.
I believed that interdiction of the lines of transportation would be sufficiently effective so that additional bombing of urban industrial areas would not be necessary."While I was working on the new plan of air attack...
of the Navy James Forrestal before the atomic bombing of Hiroshima:"I proposed to Secretary Forrestal that the weapon should be demonstrated before it was used.
Negotiations to end the war would continue, with the Soviet Union formally entering the conflict on Aug. 9, the same day the second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.
Strategic Bombing Survey group, assigned by President Truman to study the air attacks on Japan, produced a report in July of 1946 that was primarily written by Nitze and reflected his reasoning:"Based on a detailed investigation of all the facts and supported by the testimony of the surviving Japanese leaders involved, it is the Survey's opinion that certainly prior to 31 December 1945 and in all probability prior to 1 November 1945, Japan would have surrendered even if the atomic bombs had not been dropped, even if Russia had not entered the war, and even if no invasion had been planned or contemplated." quoted in Barton Bernstein, , pg.
And that suggestion of [giving] a warning [of the atomic bomb] was a face-saving proposition for them, and one that they could have readily accepted." He continued, "In my opinion, the Japanese war was really won before we ever used the atom bomb.
Preparations for dropping the bomb accelerated. On July 24, a secret U.S. War Department cable said the Army Air Forces “will deliver the first special bomb as soon as the weather will permit visual bombing after about 3 August 1945 on one of the targets: Hiroshima, Kokura (in Fukuoka Prefecture), Niigata and Nagasaki.”